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RAMSES II Great Pharaoh

Ahmed Samir
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The Great Pharaoh RAMSES II

Ramses II (around 1303 BC - July or August 1213 BC). likewise alluded to as Ramesses the Great. was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty (r. 1279 - 1213 BC). He is viewed as the most well known and most remarkable pharaoh all through the time of the Egyptian Empire. His replacements and resulting rulers called him the best granddad. Ramses II drove a few military missions to the Levant and reestablished Egyptian command over Canaan. He additionally drove crusades south to Nubia, where two of his children went with him, as noted engraved on the dividers of the sanctuary of Beit al-Wali.


RAMSES II Great Pharaoh
RAMSES II


At fourteen years old, Ramses was named crown sovereign by his dad, Seti I. He is accepted to have sat on the high position in his late youngsters and is known to have managed Egypt from 1291 BC to 1213 BC for a time of 78 years and two months, as per both Manetho and contemporary verifiable records of Egypt. He was said to have lived 99 years, yet almost certainly, he kicked the bucket at 90 years old or 91. On the off chance that he had turned into a pharaoh in 1279 BC, as most Egyptologists accept today, he would have taken the privileged position at the age of 31 1279 BC, in view of the date of his climb to the high position In the third collect season on the 27th. 


Ramses II celebrated fourteen "Miserable" feasts (first celebrated following thirty years of the pharaoh's standard, and afterward like clockwork) during his rule, consequently astounding some other pharaoh. At his demise, he was covered in a burial chamber in the Valley of the Kings; His body was subsequently moved to the illustrious reserve, where it was found in 1881, and presently it is in plain view in the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization.




The primary time of his rule zeroed in on the development of urban communities, sanctuaries, and landmarks. He laid out the city of "Pe Ramses" in the Nile Delta as his new capital and the principal base for his missions to Syria. This city was based on the vestiges of the city of Avaris, the capital of the Hyksos when he took power, and was the site of the principal sanctuary for a gathering. He is otherwise called Ozymenides in Greek sources, in a real sense converted into Greek for some portion of Ramesses' crowning ritual name, "the extraordinary reality of Ra, the decision of Ra".

Custody

Ramses II is the child of Pharaoh Seti I and Queen Tuya, and was known as the co-leader of his dad. He went with his dad during his tactical missions on Nubia, Bilad al-Sham and Libya at fourteen years old. Before the age of 22 he, at the end of the day, was driving campaigns to Nubia with his children. Ramses selected in broad rebuilding ventures and development of another castle in Uaris. After the demise of Seti I in 1290 BC, Ramses took power. 


Ramses II controlled for almost 67 years and wedded numerous ladies, as well as numerous mistresses and auxiliary spouses. He wedded a portion of the princesses of the illustrious family, like Nefertari and Estnefert. He additionally wedded the girl of the ruler of Kheta and gave her the Egyptian name "Maatneferu Ra." He is likewise known to have hitched three of his girls. His male children involved significant situations in the express, the most significant of whom was his child, Khamwas, whose father figured in the 30th year of his rule to make him the crown sovereign, however he kicked the bucket in the 55th year of his dad's rule. The greater part of his first children passed on in quite a while life, so he was prevailed by his thirteenth child Merneptah from his significant other Estnefert on the privileged position, and his dad had picked him as crown ruler after the demise of Khums.


RAMSES II
Ramses as child

Campaigns and battles

Ramses II led several campaigns north to the Levant, and in the Second Battle of Kadesh in the fourth year of his reign (1274 BC. M.), the Egyptian forces under his command clashed with the forces of Mwatalis, King of the Hittites, which lasted for fifteen years, but neither side was able to defeat the other party. Thus, in the twenty-first year of his reign (1258 BC), Ramses II concluded a treaty between Egypt and the Hittites with Khatushili III, which is the oldest peace treaty in history.

Ramses II Campaigns and battles

Campaigns and battles

Ramses II also led several campaigns south of the first waterfall to the country o Nubia, and Ramses established the city (Bar Ramisu) in the east of the delta, from which he conducted his battles with the Hittites, and some claimed that he had taken it as the new capital of the country, and this is of course not true, as it was the capital of the country in its place in Thebes And the greatest left of the temples and monuments left there. 

Ramses II was distinguished in martial arts and wars, and he was smart in thinking and came up with a solution at the same moment. He was also skilled in horse riding, fighting with swords, fencing, and shooting arrows. He was also kind, with a moral spirit, and a lover of his people.

The battle against the Sheridans "Sea Pirates"

Ramses II decisively defeated the Sheridan pirates, as they plundered Egyptian cargo ships along Egypt's Mediterranean coast. The Shridan peoples probably came from the coast of Ionia or perhaps southwestern Anatolia. Ramses deployed troops and ships at strategic points along the coast, waited for the pirates to attack passing ships and then skillfully attacked them by surprise in a sea battle and captured them all at once. A memorial plaque found in Tansis testifies that they came “in their warships from the middle of the sea, and nothing could stand before them.” There must have been a naval battle somewhere near the mouth of the Nile, and the Sheridans are depicted among the pharaoh's guards, prominent through their horned helmets with balls protruding from the center, and their round shields and large swords. The inscriptions describe the Battle of Kadesh.

His death

King Ramses II was buried in the Valley of the Kings, in tomb kv7, but his mummy was transferred to the mummy cache in Deir el-Bahari, where it was discovered in 1881 AD by Gaston Maspero and transferred to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. Five years later, Ramses was 170 cm tall, and medical examinations on His mummy shows traces of red or pigmented hair, and it is believed that he suffered from severe rheumatism in the joints in his last years, as well as suffering from diseases of the gums.


The process of moving his statue

The statue of Ramses II was moved at the beginning of the fifties and was placed in the most famous square in Cairo (Bab Al-Hadid Square), whose name was changed to Ramses Square. Giza to carry out renovations for a year and until the completion of the construction of the new Egyptian Museum.


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RAMSES II Great Pharaoh

RAMSES II Great Pharaoh
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