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Valley of the Queens


Valley of the Queens tour

The Valley of the Queens (Arabic: وادي الملكات Wādī al Malekāt) is a site in Egypt, where the spouses of pharaohs were covered in old times. It was referred to then as Ta-Set-Neferu, signifying "the spot of excellence". It was generally renowned for being the entombment site of many spouses of Pharaohs. Pharaohs themselves were covered in the Valley of the Kings.

Valley of the Queens
Valley of the Queens

Utilizing the cutoff points portrayed by Christian Leblanc, the Valley of the Queens comprises of the fundamental watercourse, which contains the majority of the burial places, alongside the Valley of Prince Ahmose, the Valley of the Rope, the Valley of the Three Pits, and the Valley of the Dolmen. The primary channel contains 91 burial places and the auxiliary valleys add another 19 burial places. The entombments in the auxiliary valleys all date to the eighteenth Dynasty.

The justification behind picking the Valley of the Queens as an entombment site isn't known. The nearness to the specialists' town of Deir el-Medina and the Valley of the Kings might have been a variable. Another thought might have been the presence of a consecrated cavern committed to Hathor at the entry of the Valley. This cavern might have been related with revival of the dead.

Alongside the Valley of the Kings and close by Thebes, the Valley of the Queens was engraved on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1979.

Watch the video of the Valley of the Queens.

Eighteenth Dynasty

One of the main burial chambers built in the Valley of the Queens is the burial chamber of Princess Ahmose, a little girl of Seqenenre Tao and Queen Sitdjehuti. This burial chamber probably dates to the rule of Thutmose I. The burial chambers from this period likewise incorporate a few individuals from the respectability, including a top of the pens and a vizier.

The burial chambers from the Valley of the Three Pits generally date to the Thutmosid time frame. The burial places are named with letters A - L. This valley additionally contains three shaft burial places, which are the beginning of the valley's name. The advanced names for these three burial places are QV 89, QV 90, and QV 91.

The Valley of the Dolmen contains an old path utilized by the workers going from Deir el-Medina to the Valley of the Queens. Along this way is a little stone slice sanctuary devoted to Ptah and Meretseger.

The burial chambers from this time span are by and large basic in structure and comprise of a chamber and a shaft for entombment. A portion of the burial places were stretched out in size to oblige more than one entombment. The burial chambers incorporate those of a few illustrious sovereigns and princesses, as well as some nobles.

A burial chamber of the Princesses was situated in the Valley of the Queens. This burial chamber dates to the hour of Amenhotep III. Its area is right now obscure, yet finds from the burial chamber are in historical centers and incorporate pieces of entombment hardware for a few individuals from the imperial family. The things incorporate a canopic container part of the King's Wife Henut. She is remembered to have lived mid-eighteenth Dynasty. Her name was encased in a cartouche. Canopic container pieces referencing Prince Menkheperre, a child of Tuthmosis III and Merytre Hatshepsut, were found. A King's Great Wife Nebetnehat from the mid-eighteenth Dynasty is bore witness to on the grounds that her name was encased in a cartouche on canopic parts. Canopic container pieces with the name of the King's Daughter Ti from the mid-eighteenth Dynasty were found also.

Nineteenth Dynasty

During the nineteenth Dynasty the utilization of the Valley of the Queens turned out to be more specific. The burial chambers from this period have a place only with illustrious ladies. Large numbers of the great positioning spouses of Ramesses I, Seti I and Ramesses II were covered in the Valley of the Queens. One of the most notable models is the resting place cut out of the stone for Queen Nefertari (1290-1224 BCE). The polychrome reliefs in her burial chamber are as yet flawless. Different individuals from the imperial family kept on being covered in the Valley of the Kings. Burial place KV5, the burial place of the children of Ramesses II, is an illustration of this practice.

The burial place of Queen Satre (QV 38) was probable the primary burial chamber ready during this line. It was likely begun during the rule of Ramesses I and wrapped up during the rule of Seti I. A few burial places were ready without a proprietor as a top priority, and the names were incorporated upon the demise of the imperial female.

Twentieth Dynasty

During the start of the twentieth Dynasty the Valley of the Queens was as yet utilized broadly. Burial chambers for the spouses of Ramesses III were ready, and in a takeoff from the shows of the past tradition, a few burial chambers were ready for regal children too. The development of burial places went on basically until the rule of Ramesses VI. The Turin Papyrus specifies the making of six burial chambers during the rule of Ramesses VI. It isn't known which burial places are alluded to in that papyrus.

There is proof of financial disturbance during the twentieth Dynasty. Records show that the laborers protested during the rule of Ramesses III. Also, towards the finish of the tradition there are reports of burial chamber burglaries.

Third Intermediate Period and later

The Valley of the Queens was at this point not a regal internment site after the end of the twentieth Dynasty. A considerable lot of the burial places were broadly reused. A few burial places were changed so they could hold various internments. At times this elaborate digging entombment pits in the current burial places. 

Not much is been aware of the utilization of the Valley of the Queens during the Ptolemaic Period however during the Roman Period there was a restored, broad utilization of the Valley as an entombment site. During the Coptic Period some Hermit covers were raised. Burial places QV60 (Nebettawy) and QV73 (Henuttawy) give indications of Coptic occupation. Wall scenes were covered with mortar and adorned with Christian images. The Christian presence went on until the seventh century CE.